What was life like in alabama in the 1930s
My Father and Atticus Finch: A Lawyers Fight for Justice in 1930s Alabama by Joseph Madison BeckAs a child, Joseph Beck heard the stories—when other lawyers came up with excuses, his father courageously defended a black man charged with raping a white woman.
Now a lawyer himself, Beck reconstructs his fathers role in State of Alabama vs. Charles White, Alias, a trial that was much publicized when Harper Lee was twelve years old.
On the day of Foster Beck’s client’s arrest, the leading local newspaper reported, under a page-one headline, that a wandering negro fortune teller giving the name Charles White had volunteered a detailed confession of the attack of a local white girl. However, Foster Beck concluded that the confession was coerced. The same article claimed that the negro accomplished his dastardly purpose, but as in To Kill a Mockingbird, there was evidence at the trial to the contrary. Throughout the proceedings, the defendant had to be escorted from the courthouse to a distant prison “for safekeeping,” and the courthouse itself was surrounded by a detachment of sixteen Alabama highway patrolmen.
The saga captivated the community with its dramatic testimonies and emotional outcome. It would take an immense toll on those involved, including Foster Beck, who worried that his reputation had cast a shadow over his lively, intelligent, and supportive fiancé, Bertha, who had her own social battles to fight.
This riveting memoir, steeped in time and place, seeks to understand how race relations, class, and the memory of southern defeat in the Civil War produced such a haunting distortion of justice, and how it may figure into our literary imagination.
1930's Alabama Intro
Women’s Rights in the 1930s in the United States
The moral upbringings, educational importance, and the crime rate of small towns all contributed to the childhood memories that were built every day in Maycomb County. The moral upbringings are different in the way that children living now are experiencing a different surrounding in their everyday life and have lost morals that were taught in the …show more content…. Today, many of the moral values that adults used to possess have become unimportant and many parents do not make it their duty to teach values to their children. Living in Alabama today is very different for children and teenagers; we are constantly veered away from the right way of living and shown a way of life that has no moral value. Changes like these are what are bringing the South on its economic downturn. Senator John C. The poor South!
Despite the Great Depression, culture in the s, both commercial and funded by New Deal programs as part of the relief effort, flourished. Historians note that literature, arts, music, and cinema of the period flourished and became vehicles for establishing and promoting what would be presented as truly American traditions and values—a phenomenon that was a response to the demoralizing effect of the economic crisis. FAP provided funding for artists and artisans to create murals, easel paintings, sculpture, graphic art, posters, photography, theater design, and arts and crafts. Artists worked with government-provided guidelines that focused on realistic themes relevant to the life of local communities. Writers, musicians, and theater artists were funded to create both their own original projects and projects under the auspices of the government. Documenting what was seen as American traditions drove many of the latter. For example, literary professionals were hired to produce the State Guide Series—a series of popular guidebooks for every state.
The value of farm land plummeted, and that meant that property taxes that supported schools fell as well. During the Great Depression, some school districts couldn't pay their teachers. Children from several grades sat in one room, often led by a teacher not much older than the students.
But the decade did see slow and steady progress, even as new challenges—especially economic and cultural—could be seen as reversing the advances made in the first three decades of the 20 th century. Women in the first decades of the 20 th century saw increased opportunity and public presence, including a strong role in union organizing; increasing availability of contraceptive information; winning voting rights; clothing styles and lifestyles that were more comfortable and less restrictive ; and greater sexual freedom. During World War I, many women who had been stay-at-home mothers and wives entered the work force. African American women were part of the cultural flowering of the Harlem Renaissance that followed World War II in some urban black communities, and were also fighting for more rights and beginning a long fight against lynching. Women activists agitated for more than the vote, which was finally won in , but also for workplace fairness, minimum wages, and the abolition of child labor. With the market crash and the onset of the Great Depression, the s were quite different for women.
Alabama became a state of the United States of America on December 14, These actions affected the Cherokee, Creek Muscogee , and Chickasaw, among others. After this, European-American arrived in large numbers, bringing or buying African Americans in the domestic slave trade. In antebellum Alabama, wealthy planters created large cotton plantations based in the fertile central Black Belt of the upland region, which depended on the labor of enslaved Africans. Tens of thousands of slaves were transported to and sold in the state by slave traders who purchased them in the Upper South.
Most recently, Burns trained his camera on the Dirty Thirties, on the dust-covered Okies, and on the Great Plains region. The documentary highlighted the struggles of farmers in Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico, and the Texas panhandle in the s who watched as the soil they worked and tilled dried up and rejected them, and blew away, along with their homesteading dreams, in huge "black blizzards" carried by the prevailing winds. Alabama is not a Plains state. It was not a part of the Dust Bowl. But the South saw similar agricultural problems, and a crisis that some say was on a similar level to the Dust Bowl in the west. According to Dr.