What is the history of terrorism
The History of Terrorism: From Antiquity to al Qaeda by Gérard Chaliand
This authoritative work provides an essential perspective on terrorism by offering a rare opportunity for analysis and reflection at a time of ongoing violence, chilling threats, and renewed reprisals.
In it, some of the best international specialists working on the subject today examine terrorisms long and complex history from antiquity to the present day and find that terror, long the weapon of the weak against the strong, is a tactic as old as warfare itself. Beginning with the Zealots of Antiquity, the contributors discuss the Assassins of the Middle Ages, the 1789 Terror movement in Europe, Bolshevik terrorism during the Russian Revolution, Stalinism, resistance terrorism during World War II, and Latin American revolutionary movements of the late 1960s. Finally, they consider the emergence of modern transnational terrorism, focusing on the roots of Islamic terrorism, al Qaeda, and the rise of the contemporary suicide martyr. Along the way, they provide a groundbreaking analysis of how terrorism has been perceived throughout history. What becomes powerfully clear is that only through deeper understanding can we fully grasp the present dangers of a phenomenon whose repercussions are far from over.
Includes essays by François Géré, Rohan Gunaratna, Olivier Hubac-Occhipinti, Ariel Merari, Philippe Migaux, Yves Ternon
A Brief History of Terrorism
To begin any history of terrorism however brief without first defining what the term means might appear to be putting the cart before the horse. Despite this, no such definition shall be proffered here. As such, this is not so much a brief history of terrorism as much as a brief history of examples of that which has been or arguably could be generally accepted to constitute terrorism. Not everyone will agree that all these examples do so, and there are other instances that could be so construed that are not mentioned at all. One point is less debatable: terrorism is not new.
Al Qaeda: Facts About the Terrorist Network and Its History of Attacks. Before September 11, , many Americans knew little of al Qaeda or its founder, Osama.
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Al Qaeda: Facts About the Terrorist Network and Its History of Attacks
Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentional violence, generally against civilians, for political purposes. The increased use of suicide attacks from the s onwards was typified by the September 11 attacks in New York City and Washington, D. There are different definitions of terrorism. It is often used with the connotation of something that is "morally wrong". Governments and non-state groups use the term to abuse or denounce opposing groups. These organizations include right-wing and left-wing political organizations, nationalist groups , religious groups , revolutionaries and ruling governments. The Global Terrorism Database , maintained by the University of Maryland, College Park , has recorded more than 61, incidents of non-state terrorism, resulting in at least , deaths between and
The history of terrorism is a history of well-known and historically significant individuals, entities, and incidents associated, whether rightly or wrongly, with terrorism. Scholars agree that terrorism is a disputed term , and very few of those labeled terrorists describe themselves as such. It is common for opponents in a violent conflict to describe the other side as terrorists or as practicing terrorism. Depending on how broadly the term is defined, the roots and practice of terrorism can be traced at least to the 1st-century AD Sicarii Zealots , though some dispute whether the group, which assassinated collaborators with Roman rule in the province of Judea , was in fact terrorist. The first use in English of the term 'terrorism' occurred during the French Revolution 's Reign of Terror , when the Jacobins , who ruled the revolutionary state, employed violence, including mass executions by guillotine, to compel obedience to the state and intimidate regime enemies.