What is the order of st john
Hospitallers: The History of the Order of St. John by Jonathan Riley-SmithJonathan Simon Christopher Riley-Smith, Dixie Professor of Ecclesiastical History at the University of Cambridge, was educated at Eton College and Trinity College Cambridge. He received his BA (1960), MA (1964), PhD (1964) and LittD (2001) from Cambridge.
From 1964–1972 Dr. Riley-Smith taught in the Department of Medieval History at the Unversity of St Andrews, first as assistant lecturer, until 1966, then as lecturer. From 1972 until 1978, he served on the history faculty at the University of Cambridge. He was professor of history at the University of London from 1978 until 1994. Since 1994, Professor Riley-Smith has served on the faculties of history and divinity at the University of Cambridge. He is a fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. From 1997 to 1999 he was chair of the faculty of history.
He was a founder member (1980), acting secretary (1980–1982) and president (1987–1995) of the Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East. Other positions he has held include Knight of Grace and Devotion, Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Officer of Merit, Order Pro Merito Melitens, and Knight of Justice, Most Venerable Order of St John.
Orders of ST John
The Sovereign Order of Malta is one of the oldest institutions of Western and Christian civilisation. Knights of Malta. National Institutions. Constitutional Charter and Code. Spiritual commitment.
Our modern Sovereign Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Knights Hospitaller Sovereign Order is a Christian, chivalric, ecumenical and international community directly descended from the Hospitaller activities at the Hospice, founded before the turn of the 12th Century by Amalfi merchants, for pilgrims in Jerusalem. The Sovereign Order is an Ecumenical Christian Order, focused on the traditions of helping the sick and the poor and maintaining more than years of tradition. Since around , the Sovereign Order has focused on aiding the sick and the poor and developing methods to improve mortality and patient care. Latest news, calendar of events, and newsletters from the Commanderies of the Sovereign Order in Europe and America.
The exact date when the Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem first came into being is unknown. The hospice soon developed into a hospital and in the Pope confirmed its independence. Over the next forty years it developed into a religious and military order, with its brothers and sisters commonly known as Hospitallers of St John or Knights Hospitallers providing care to the poor and sick of any faith. They also took on the additional role of defending all Christians and others within their care when they were threatened. The Order was driven from Jerusalem in and established its headquarters on the coast of Palestine, before moving to Cyprus and then on to Rhodes. In it moved to Malta, where it governed until it was expelled by Napoleon in In Rhodes the hospital had separate wards for infectious disease and maternity care.
A faction of them emerged in France in the s and moved to Britain in the early s, where, after operating under a succession of grand priors and different names, it became associated with the founding in of the St John Ophthalmic Hospital near the old city of Jerusalem and the St John Ambulance Brigade in The order is found throughout the Commonwealth of Nations ,  Hong Kong , the Republic of Ireland , and the United States of America ,  with the worldwide mission "to prevent and relieve sickness and injury, and to act to enhance the health and well-being of people anywhere in the world.
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The Priory in action
It is one of eleven international priories and the representative of the Order in the United States of America. It also contributes to other projects of the Order of St John around the world, responds to special appeals for disaster relief, and maintains a volunteer service corps that serves veterans in the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. It was only in the s that a number of prominent individuals in the area of New York City began to get involved with the Order's work. Because the United States of America was a republic with no formal connection to the United Kingdom or the Commonwealth, an alternative to the traditional Priories and Commanderies was devised. In , the American Society of the Order was formally incorporated in the state of New York  with Fairbanks and others acting as the original founders. As the Order's presence in the United States grew, it was able to expand beyond its traditional base in the area around New York City.
From Rhodes, the Order moved to Malta. After a famous siege by Suleiman in , which the Knights and the Maltese people survived, a new capital city, Valletta, was built. It remains a sovereign entity in international law and is engaged in international charity work. In the s the Priory in Clerkenwell was set up as the English headquarters of the Order. The buildings in Clerkenwell were put to different uses in the years that followed. During the sixteenth century, they were used as the offices of the Master of the Revels. In the eighteenth century, the Gate was briefly used as a coffee house, run by Richard Hogarth, father of the artist William Hogarth.