Stalag luft 3 the great escape
The Great Escape from Stalag Luft III: The Memoir of Jens Müller by Jens MüllerJens Mulller was one of only three men who successfully escaped from Stalag Luft III (now in ?aga? Poland) in March 1944--the break that later became the basis for the famous film The Great Escape. Together with Per Bergsland another Norwegian POW he stowed away on a ship to Gothenburg Sweden. The escapees sought out the British consulate and were flown from Stockholm to Scotland. From there they were sent by train to London and shortly afterwards to Little Norway in Canada. Mullers book about his wartime experiences was first published in Norwegian in 1946 titled Tre kom Tilbake (Three Came Back). This new edition is the first translation into English and will correct the impression--set by the film--that the men who escaped successfully were American and Australian. In a vivid informative memoir he details what life in the camp was like how the escapes were planned and executed and tells the story of his personal breakout and success reaching RAF Leuchars in Scotland.
Great Escape Tunnel - what it looks like today in Stalag Luft 3
Stalag Luft III
The site was selected because its sandy soil made it difficult for POWs to escape by tunnelling. It is best known for two escape plots by Allied POWs, one in that became the basis of a fictionalised film, The Wooden Horse , based on a book by escapee Eric Williams. A heavily fictionalised version of the escape was depicted in the film The Great Escape , which was based on a book by former prisoner Paul Brickhill. The camp was liberated by Soviet forces in January The German military followed a practice whereby each branch of the military was responsible for the POWs of equivalent branches. Hence the Luftwaffe was normally responsible for any Allied aircrew taken prisoner. This included captured naval aviators, such as members of the British Fleet Air Arm.
It was opened in with the first prisoners arriving in April of that year, and was just one of a network of Air Force only PoW camps. There is no obvious reason for the occasional presence of a non-airman in the camps, although one possibility is that the captors would be able to spot "important" non-Air Force uniformed prisoners more readily. Despite being an officers-only camp, it was not referred to as Oflag Offizier Lager like some other officer-only camps. The Luftwaffe seemed to have their own nomenclature. It must be made clear that the German Luftwaffe, who were responsible for Air Force prisoners of war, maintained a degree of professional respect for fellow flyers, and the general attitude of the camp security officers and guards should not be confused with the SS or Gestapo.
Stalag Luft III was a Luftwaffe-run prisoner of war (POW) camp during the Second World War, The second breakout—the so-called Great Escape—of March , was conceived by Royal Air Force Squadron Leader Roger Bushell, and was.
the space between us merman
Escape into a World War II book
Squadron Leader Roger Bushell had been shot down over Dunkirk attempting to protect the soldiers on the beach from Stuka dive-bombers. After crash-landing in a field, he had been captured and taken to a Dulag Luft transit camp, where he escaped but was caught 30 yards from the Swiss border. The opening up of Stalag Luft III as a secure camp for habitual escapees only served to bring together some of the most skilled engineers, tailors, forgers and surveillance experts available. Bushell knew this the moment he walked through the gates and within days he was hatching plans to get out. He was to be the spark that ignited the flame needed to focus everyone on the need to escape. It was decided that they would dig three tunnels that, if successful, would see men find their freedom.
Of the 76 successful escapees 73 were recaptured, mostly within several days of the breakout, 50 of whom were executed on the personal orders of Adolf Hitler. These summary executions were conducted within a short period of recapture. Outrage at the killings was felt immediately, both in the prison camp, among comrades of the escaped prisoners and in the United Kingdom, where Foreign Minister Anthony Eden rose in the House of Commons to announce in June that those guilty of what the British government suspected was a war crime would be "brought to exemplary justice. After Nazi Germany 's capitulation in May , the Police branch of the Royal Air Force , with whom the 50 airmen had been serving, launched a special investigation into the killings, having branded the shootings a war crime despite official German reports that the airmen had been shot while attempting to escape from captivity following recapture. An extensive investigation headed by Wing Commander Wilfred Bowes RAF and Squadron Leader Frank McKenna of the Special Investigation Branch into the events following the recapture of the 73 airmen was launched, which was unique for being the only major war crime to be investigated by a single branch of any nation's military.