Apple cider vinegar for varicose veins

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The Ship That Stood Still: The Californian and Her Mysterious Role in the Titanic Disaster by Leslie Reade

I was reading this book when news came out that legendary Penn State football coach Joe Paterno had died. (I believe I am obligated by federal law to place the adjective “legendary” in that sentence). Paterno, as even non-fans of college football know (I count myself among the non-fans), spent decades at Penn State, leading the university to a couple national championships. He was fired in disgrace for failing to do more to report alleged child sexual abuse committed by his assistant coach.

To be sure, Paterno never laid a creepy hand upon a child’s cheek. He didnt engage in any cover-up; and he didn’t break any laws. The only thing he was guilty of, in a moral sense, is doing the absolute minimum required by human decency. (To wit, he told his superior, and let the matter die).

It was this angle that led me to draw a connection between Paterno and an early 20th century sea captain named Stanley Lord, who is the enigmatic central figure in Leslie Reade’s The Ship That Stood Still. Obviously, Lord is nowhere near as famous as Paterno, who taught thousands of young men how to advance a prolength spheroid up and down a 100-yard field. But both men have a place in history, a little corner marked out for guys who didnt do enough.

Captain Lord had the bad luck to be in charge of the SS Californian on April 14, 1912. On that night, stopped in an ice field, Lord and his officers had a front-row seat for the greatest spectacle in maritime history: the sinking of the RMS Titanic.

The story of Captain Lord and the Californian is not one of malevolent action. Lord did not lure the Titanic into the ice field. He did not send the Titanic a wireless message saying Don’t worry! Aint no ice ahead!. Lord, as far as I can glean from the historical record, did not morph into an iceberg and leap in front of the speeding luxury liner. No, Lord did not do any of these things.

Lord, it turns out, did nothing. Well, that’s not strictly true. To be fair, like Joe Paterno, Captain Lord did next to nothing. And discovered later that that’s not quite good enough.

Of the many mysteries surrounding the sinking of the Titanic, the story of the Californian is perhaps the most enduring. This makes perfect sense, since the Californian’s fortuitous location might have meant the rescue of every person on board. Think how different history would be. Titanic wouldn’t be a synonym for disaster; she’d be the punch line of a joke.

It’s not quite so simple, however. And this also makes sense. If this was simple story, we’d lose interest, and the one thing we can say with certainty about Titanic is that she’s kept our interest.

The Ship That Stood Still is written for the obsessed amateur of Titanic lore. It’s not designed to be a general history of the shipwreck. Indeed, there is very little written about the Titanic herself, and her experience is filtered through the eyes of the men of the Californian. That’s a warning, I suppose. You should probably be carrying some Titanic baggage before you open these pages.

Before I go any further, though, let me take a moment to revel in this book’s title. For whatever reason, I just love it. Perhaps it’s the stodgy literalness of it. Or maybe it’s the way it harkens back to old science fiction films. Or it might simply be the fact that it seems to be intentionally underselling itself. Its first three words are the hook, drawing you in…and then meh. It’s the ship that (what? what! WHAT!?)…stood still (oh). Anyway, the title alone sells this for me.

Next, I suppose I should mention the story behind this story, because it figures largely into this book’s execution. The late Leslie Reade was an Oxford grad who “read for the Bar” and had a profound, non-professional interest in the Titanic/Californian saga.

So he started researching, and researching, and researching. Along the way, he interviewed people who hadn’t been interviewed, and he talked to the families of those people who were no longer alive to be interviewed, and he uncovered documents that’d never been published, and he started assembling his manuscript. This took decades. Just as he was putting the finishing touches on his opus, Robert D. Ballard discovered the wreck (and for the first time, gave the world an accurate location).

It was back to the drawing board.

Unfortunately, time waits for no one, and a lifetime is not long enough to thoroughly explore the Titanic. Reade was now an old man, unable to finish his life’s project. His friend, Edward de Groot, went back through the manuscript, integrated the new material from Ballard’s expedition, and published the book in 1993.

I would be lying if I said the integration was seamless, but the overall result still stands.

Fundamentally, The Ship That Stood Still is a polemic. It has a point to prove and an axe to grind. That axe is Captain Lord. Reade believes that Lord and the Californian watched Titanic die. He believed that Lord saw the Titanic before she struck the ice; that Lord’s officers saw Titanic’s eight distress rockets; that Lord was told by an officer about the rockets; and that Lord did nothing other than attempt to contact the “mystery” ship with a Morse lamp. Meanwhile, as Lord napped and his wireless officer slept, the Titanic fired off all her rockets and slipped beneath the Atlantic, depositing 1500 men, women, and children into the frigid sea.

Lord’s culpability seems obvious. I mean, the most basic facts of the night are clear: Titanic’s officers saw a ship nearby; Titanic fired off eight white rockets; Californian saw eight right rockets. Case closed.

Wrong.

To this day, there is a faction of people, known as “Lordites,” who believe that Captain Lord – a man they never met, and who probably wouldn’t like them – was used as a scapegoat. They (the Lordites) argue that Californian was much farther away from the Titanic than the eight to ten miles determined by the British Inquiry. Accordingly, they argue that the Californian was too distant to see Titanic’s rockets and to render any aid.

The pro-Lord faction has devised many theories to contradict the rather stark evidence they face. Some of their arguments, especially concerning the actual and relative positions of the two ships bear exploration (especially since Ballard did not find the wreck at the infamous coordinates give by Titanic’s fourth officer, Joseph Boxhall). Other arguments, such as the Lordites’ assertion that an unknown, unidentified mystery ship just happened to be in the area between Titanic and Californian firing off rockets for s***s and giggles, stretches the bounds of credulity.

In the grand scheme of things, the Lordites are a harmless bunch. They are a benevolent strain of conspiracy theorist, far less irritating and exasperating than Birthers or Truthers.

Reade, though, clearly wanted to squash them like bugs. It is both sad and hilarious how serious he was about this subset of a subject that itself does not qualify as a world-historical event. (I realize, as I wrote that sentence, how much of my own life I’ve dedicated to the non-subject of the Titanic. My conclusion, upon reflection: time well spent).

While Reade’s intense dislike of Captain Lord (and his supporters) may seem a bit misapplied, it certainly gives life to his writing. The Ship That Stood Still is thorough, bracingly written, and funny in a mordant, devastatingly witty, British kind-of-way.

The war came in 1914 and Lord served at sea throughout. He transported horses, took part in a practice for an early form of combined operations, and in the many dangers of the war at sea…Lord was chased by submarines, but never caught. And the war faded the Titanic… “The aftermath of the Titanic inquiry in those days was not such as to affect me personally or professionally in any way…” he declared in his 1959 affidavit.

So time passed. The memorials to the Titanic engineers could be seen in Southampton and on Pierhead in Liverpool and in London and to others in New York; but the only thing most people vaguely remembered now about the Titanic was her name and the iceberg, and how she was trying to break the record, and went down with all hands, and a second cousin of a friend of Shirley’s niece was a baby who was saved in the last lifeboat, and Captain Jones (or, Smith??) put his megaphone to his white beard and shouted, “Ladies and children first! Be British!” and then shot himself, and everybody joined hands and sang “Nearer, My God, To Thee.”


Reade goes through the events of April 14-15 in a ruthlessly methodical manner, setting up the arguments of the pro-Lord faction and demolishing them with precision, erudition, and many, many diagrams. Among the topics he tackles are the distance between the two ships; the positioning of the two ships (the red or green lights that mark the port and starboard sides of a ship play a big role in the mystery); why the rockets couldn’t be heard; and the existence or absence of a third ship.

The treatment of each topic is meticulous, which leads to a great deal of overlap and repetition. At times, it all gets a bit technical, especially when talking about longitude and latitude and other nebulous maritime concepts that I have a hard time understanding since my experience at sea has been wading into the ocean for fifty yards before turning around because I’m scared of sharks. (To be sure, this is where Reade’s numerous diagrams help by illustrating the concepts he’s trying to explore).

My only real criticism with Reade’s work is with regards to Ballard’s discovery of the Titanic. Obviously, Ballard’s discovery towards the end of Reade’s life is not the fault of Leslie Reade. However, it does call Reade’s conclusions into question.

Specifically, Ballard’s coordinates for the wreck’s location must be taken as accurate and reliable. Unfortunately, they do not coincide with Fourth Officer Boxhall’s coordinates, which Boxhall reckoned after the collision and had sent out over the wireless to potential rescue ships. This begs the question: if Boxhall screwed up the coordinates, is it possible that the Californian really was farther away than eight-to-ten miles?

Naturally, this is the position of the Lordites.

And just as naturally, Reade has no time for this argument. His (rather hurried) response is that that Titanic did not sink straight down to her 13,000 foot grave. Rather, she planed away for over two miles, like a glider coming in for a landing. Moreover, Reade notes the likelihood that the Californian’s dead-reckoned position was as wrong as Titanic’s. Still, Boxhall’s 1912 position is off by 13.5 miles from Ballard’s 1985 position. This, I believe, requires further explanation than Reade (and de Groot, his editor) provide. However, due to Reade’s failing health and eventual death, he was unable to bring his full intellectual abilities to bear against this last great looming question. (And once again, I am reminded how the lives and deaths of the Titanic can teach us so much about the everyday tragedy of life and death).

In the end, this doesn’t matter to me. Mostly because Reade doesn’t have to convince me of Lord’s moral failings. The story, in the end, is as simple as eight white rockets, fired by one ship and seen by another. The exact coordinates of the two ships are insider baseball. (Anyway, the Carpathia found Titanic’s lifeboats exactly where Boxhall said they’d be). Everything else beyond the eight white rockets are smoke and mirrors, red herrings, and MacGuffins.

The real mystery of April 14-15 isn’t whether the Californian saw Titanic, or vice versa. They did see each other. The mystery is why Lord, notified of the rockets, did nothing. This is a puzzle that Reade couldn’t solve, even had he lived a thousand years. It takes a man of inexplicable uncurious-ness to hear of white rockets fired at sea and make no attempt to ascertain their provenance. That’s what Lord did. The odd thing is, it didnt seem to bother him at all.

As I mentioned above, this isn’t a popular, mainstream history. It is a point-by-point brief about a debate you might not even know was taking place. If you want a clear, well-written account of the disaster, I have numerous recommendations. Heck, I’ll drink a six-pack, call you up, and tell you about it. But if you want to troll Titanic message boards and get into arguments with people you don’t know about a controversy that has absolutely no bearing on any human life now in existence, by all means, pick this up!

You will learn enough to comfortably put the “controversies” of the Californian to rest. You will not, however, understand the heart of Captain Lord, which makes a certain kind of poetic sense. The mysterious encounter of two ships at sea ultimately pales before the riddle of a single man.
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Published 25.03.2019

Varicose Vein Removal in Chicago at Veins Without Surgery

How To Use Apple Cider Vinegar For Spider Veins

If you suffer from varicose veins, you might be willing to try almost anything to ease your discomfort. But you should be wary that sometimes the more unconventional treatment is not the best one! A lot of sources seem to be touting apple cider vinegar as a cure for spider veins and varicose veins alike, with the two terms often used interchangeably. Capillaries are tiny only as wide as one red blood cell! When capillaries become broken, they are known as spider veins. These are red, purple or blue lines visible on the skin which are very fine and not as prominent as varicose veins. On the other hand, of course, varicose veins do affect your veins!

Varicose veins are veins that have weak walls or malfunctioning valves that cause blood to pool in certain areas causing enlargement or protrusion of the vein. Affecting both men and women, they are usually occur from one of the following reasons: heredity , long periods of standing, being overweight, birth control pills, hormonal changes during a pregnancy, and constipation. They can cause pain, tiredness, restlessness, and burning, tingling, throbbing or heaviness feelings in the legs. They can also be unsightly and cause people to experience self-consciousness. Medical and surgical treatments are available to treat varicose veins.

Can apple cider vinegar heal spider veins?

Long before modern medicine, people with health issues turned to herbs and other strategies for their various ills. Valves prevent blood from flowing backward in the pause between heartbeats. As a result, blood pools in the veins, especially of the lower legs, and the veins become distended and tortuous.

Varicose veins are swollen, gnarled veins that appear most commonly in the legs and the feet. They can look almost like cords under the skin. Spider veins are typically closer to the surface of the skin and look similar to a spider web hence the name. Veins in our body are responsible for getting blood back to the heart so it can re-circulate. Since the veins in the legs have to work against gravity, they have valves so that when blood is traveling upwards towards the heart, it doesn't flow backwards. Varicose veins happen when these valves are missing or damaged.

We aimed to determine the effect of external apple vinegar application on the symptoms and social appearance anxiety of varicosity patients who were suggested conservative treatment. The study was planned as an experimental, randomized, and controlled study. The patients in the study group were suggested to apply apple vinegar to the area of the leg with varicosity alongside the treatment suggested by the doctor. The patients in the control group received no intervention during the study. We determined that the external application of apple vinegar on varicosity patients, which is a very easy application, increased the positive effects of conservative treatment.

Varicose veins are swollen and enlarged veins that usually appear blue or dark purple on your legs. They might also look lumpy, bulging, or twisted. Varicose veins develop when small valves inside your veins stop working properly and the blood flow collects in your veins. If you suffer from varicose veins, you may experience other symptoms like aching legs, swollen feet and ankles, and leg muscle cramps. Yes, you want to limit the height of your heel, but you don't have to do away with it completely.

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