Taqi al din ibn taymiyyah
Ibn Taymiyya and His Times by Yossef RapoportTaqi al-Din Ibn Taymiyya (1263-1328), one of the most controversial thinkers in Islamic religious history, was repeatedly imprisoned during his lifetime. Today, he is revered by the Wahhabi movement and championed by Salafi groups who call for a return to the pristine golden age of the Prophet. His writings have also been used by radical groups, such as al-Qaeda, to justify acts of terrorism and armed struggle.
In order to explain this modern influence, this volume offers a fresh perspective on Ibn Taymiyyas life, thought and legacy. The articles in this volume, written by leading authorities in the field, study Ibn Taymiyyas highly original contributions to Islamic theology, law, Quranic exegesis and political thought. Contrary to his current image as an anti-rationalist puritan, this volume shows Ibn Taymiyya to be one of the most intellectually rigorous, complex and interesting figures in Islamic intellectual history.
This is the first comprehensive academic treatment of Ibn Taymiyya to appear in a Western language in over half a century. It is of major importance to scholars of Islamic intellectual history, as well as to the students of modern Islamic movements and ideologies.
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The Ahl al-Sunnah View of Ibn Taymiya and his Works
Ibn Taymiyyah was born in Mesopotamia. Educated in Damascus, where he had been taken in as a refugee from the Mongol invasion, he later steeped himself in the teachings of the Pietist school. His life was marked by persecutions. As early as Ibn Taymiyyah came into conflict with local authorities for protesting a sentence, pronounced under religious law , against a Christian accused of having insulted the Prophet. In he was accused of anthropomorphism ascribing human characteristics to God and for having criticized, contemptuously, the legitimacy of dogmatic theology. During the great Mongol crisis of the years to , and especially during the occupation of Damascus, he led the resistance party and denounced the suspect faith of the invaders and their accomplices.
Prominent and controversial Syrian thinker, theologian, Hanbali jurist, and political figure. His intellectual activities, preaching, and politics resulted in persecution and imprisonment. Main doctrine was the supremacy and authoritativeness of the Quran and Sunnah of Muhammad and the early Muslim community. Encouraged a literal interpretation of scripture and condemned the popular practices of saint worship and pilgrimages to saints' tombs as worship of other than God. Rejected theology, philosophy, and metaphysical Sufism, although he encouraged pietistic Sufism. Opposed to blind obedience to tradition taqlid , he favored ijtihad independent reasoning.
Ibn Taymiyyah, in full Taqī al-Dīn Abū al-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn ʿAbd al-Salām ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Muḥammad ibn Taymiyyah, (born , Harran.
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Ibn Taymiyya, Taqi al-Din (1263-1328)
A member of the Hanbali school of jurisprudence founded by Ahmad ibn Hanbal , and a polarizing figure in his own lifetime, Ibn Taymiyyah's iconoclastic views on widely accepted Sunni doctrines such as the veneration of saints and the visitation to their tomb-shrines made him unpopular with the majority of the orthodox religious scholars of the time, under whose orders he was imprisoned several times. A minority figure in his own times and in the centuries that followed,   Ibn Taymiyyah has become one of the most influential medieval writers in contemporary Islam,  where his particular interpretations of the Qur'an and the Sunnah and his rejection of some aspects of classical Islamic tradition are believed to have had considerable influence on contemporary Wahhabism , Salafism , and Jihadism. Ibn Taymiyyah's name is unusual in that it is derived from a female member of his family as opposed to a male member, which was the normal custom at the time and still is now. Taymiyyah was a woman, famous for her scholarship and piety and the name Ibn Taymiyyah was taken up by many of her male descendants. Ibn Taymiyyah had a simple life, most of which he dedicated to learning, writing, and teaching. He never married nor did he have a female companion, throughout his years.