Facts about the great migration
Great Migration Quotes (5 quotes)
The Great Depression: Crash Course US History #33
Great Migration Facts
You are surrounded, enveloped by a sea of horns and snouts. The smell of dust and musty animals enter your nostrils. The scale is magnificent. Nothing has prepared you to participate in such a seething mass of life moving in concert across a landscape. You have heard about the Great Migration before. You have watched YouTube videos to fuel your curiosity.
The Great Migration was the relocation of more than 6 million African Americans from the rural South to the cities of the North, Midwest and West from about to Driven from their homes by unsatisfactory economic opportunities and harsh segregationist laws, many blacks headed north, where they took advantage of the need for industrial workers that first arose during the First World War. During the Great Migration, African Americans began to build a new place for themselves in public life, actively confronting racial prejudice as well as economic, political and social challenges to create a black urban culture that would exert enormous influence in the decades to come. Southern blacks were forced to make their living working the land due to black codes and the sharecropping system, which offered little in the way of economic opportunity, especially after a boll weevil epidemic in caused massive crop damage across the South. And while the Ku Klux Klan had been officially dissolved in , the KKK continued underground after that, and intimidation, violence and even lynching of black southerners were not uncommon practices in the Jim Crow South. When World War I broke out in Europe in , industrialized urban areas in the North, Midwest and West faced a shortage of industrial laborers, as the war put an end to the steady tide of European immigration to the United States.
Before the Great Migration
The WW1 draft caused a shortage of labor in the northern factories and African Americans migrated to take advantage of new job opportunities, better education and modern facilities of the cities. Impact and Effect: The massive demographic shift of the Great Migration dramatically altered African American history culturally, socially and politically. One of the important events during his presidency was the Great Migration. What was the Great Migration? The WW1 Great Migration was the movement of African Americans from the farmlands in the south to the towns and cities in the north.
The Great Migration sees over 1. The Great Migration is the largest overland migration in the world. The animals travel a total of km or more during each cycle. Because wildebeest have no natural leader, the migrating herd often splits up into smaller herds that circle the main, mega-herd, going in different directions. When considering these smaller, split herds the whole migration can cover over half of the whole Serengeti.
In , 90 percent of African Americans lived in the states of the former Confederacy , where so-called Jim Crow statutes had legalized the separation of Americans by race. These statutes were validated by a series of Supreme Court rulings during the s, culminating in the famous "separate but equal" doctrine of Plessy v. Ferguson , which made segregation legal in the United States. But between and , the percentage of African Americans living in the South began to fall. By , more than