Pre islamic period of ignorance
Arabia and the Arabs by Robert G. HoylandLong before Muhammed preached the religion of Islam, the inhabitants of his native Arabia had played an important role in world history as both merchants and warriors
Arabia and the Arabs provides the only up-to-date, one-volume survey of the region and its peoples, from prehistory to the coming of Islam
Using a wide range of sources - inscriptions, poetry, histories, and archaeological evidence - Robert Hoyland explores the main cultural areas of Arabia, from ancient Sheba in the south, to the deserts and oases of the north. He then examines the major themes of
*art, architecture and artefacts
*language and literature
*Arabhood and Arabisation
The volume is illustrated with more than 50 photographs, drawings and maps.
Islamic World, Part 1--Arabia before Islam, Muhammad and the Origins of Islam
A veil that covers the head and chest, which is particularly worn by some Muslim women in the presence of adult males outside of their immediate family. Islamic law deals with many topics addressed by secular law, including crime, politics, and economics, as well as personal matters such as sexual intercourse, hygiene, diet, prayer, everyday etiquette and fasting. Historically, adherence to Islamic law has served as one of the distinguishing characteristics of the Muslim faith. In the prosperous southern region of the Arabian Peninsula, for example, the religious edicts of Christianity and Judaism held sway among the Sabians and Himyarites. Therefore, there was no single definition of the roles played and rights held by women prior to the advent of Islam. Depiction of the costumes of women in the 4th-6th centuries. Under the customary tribal law existing in Arabia before the rise of Islam, as a general rule women had virtually no legal status; fathers sold their daughters into marriage for a price, the husband could terminate the union at will, and women had little or no property or succession rights.
This label specifically identified the lifestyle to be found in the land of the Arabs before the Islamic Mission began. It included the beliefs and customs of the pagan Arabs who lived in a most decadent and perverse manner. This stage in history was full of chaos and corruption, and witnessed a decline in the sociology and ideology of the age. This was because the signs of truth had disappeared in that dark historical stage. The aspects of deviation from truth and justice had become embodied in the society, much in the same manner as the perverse practices of Sodom and Gommorah in the time of Prophet Lot, so that evil was acknowledged as good and good was acknowledged as evil.
Islam is the basic monotheistic faith proclaimed by prophets throughout history. As the basis for a historical community and tradition of faith, however, Islam begins in Mecca with the life and work of Muhammad in the early seventh century. The pre-Islamic period was the darkest age in human history. It was a time of ignorance and anarchy in the religious and social life in the world. The political, social and cultural life developed by the peoples of the ancient world was shattered by the barbarians.