Giving effective feedback to students
How to Give Effective Feedback to Your Students by Susan M. BrookhartHere at last is a guide that helps you always know how to give the right feedback for all kinds of assignments, in every grade level and subject area. Susan M. Brookhart covers every possible aspect of the topic, from what kinds of feedback work best, to when and how often to give feedback, to how to use oral, written, and visual feedback. Lots of examples of good feedback help you choose the right feedback strategy and help you tailor your feedback to different kinds of learners, including successful students, struggling students, and English language learners.
How to Give Effective Feedback to Students [Ebook]
In recent years, research has confirmed what most teachers already knew: Providing students with meaningful feedback can greatly enhance their learning and achievement. Professor James Pennebaker from the University of Texas at Austin has been researching the benefits of frequent testing and the feedback it leads to. Learning in the classroom is no exception. Both the mastery of content and, more importantly, the mastery of how to think require trial-and-error learning. Instead, researchers suggest taking the time to provide learners with information on what exactly they did well, and what may still need improvement. They also note that it can be helpful to tell the learner what he is doing differently than before. Let her know about it, even if she still has a long way to go.
If teachers are going to have a significant impact with the feedback they give, it needs to lead to improved outcomes for students.
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Advice, evaluation, grades—none of these provide the descriptive information that students need to reach their goals. What is true feedback—and how can it improve learning? Who would dispute the idea that feedback is a good thing?
Students should also be made aware of the range of feedback approaches, including their responsibility in the process, i. Wiggins gives advice on some key ways that can make any feedback more effective, noting that feedback should be:. Students need to know how well they are performing in their learning. Feedback has a role to play in achieving that aim. Feedback is generally understood as teaching staff giving feedback to students on their work i.
Whether you teach face-to-face, blended, or online, there is something useful in these strategies for everyone. Want to keep these tips? Download our free ebook on giving effective feedback to students. Knowing that feedback is an integral part of learning and giving real feedback that works are two very different things. Giving feedback to students is especially difficult for higher education instructors who have limited time and resources and an unlimited supply of students and assignments to assess.