Great potato famine of 1845
Irish Potato Famine, 1845-1850 - Fiction & Non-Fiction (41 books)Saving
The Irish Potato Famine of 1845-1850 Fact or Fiction
Irish Potato Famine
A s the potato harvest began in Ireland in , prospects were looking good for a bumper crop. This was just as well, for Ireland's population had increased dramatically in the previous decades to more than 8 million. But when people dug up the potatoes, all they found was a black sticky mess — the result of potato blight. Potato blight is a disease whose spores are carried in the air. It is estimated that less than half the potato crop that year was edible, and the following two years saw renewed outbreaks. The blight was not confined to Ireland , it also reached southern Britain and the Low Countries.
The Great Famine also referred to as "The Great Hunger", that lasted between and was arguably the single greatest disaster that affected the Irish history. The famine was caused by the potato blight fungus that was inadvertently brought over initially from North America to mainland Europe and had eventually made its way to Ireland during the summer of It was not unusual to have crops that failed and people thought that it was just an isolated event. What the eight million people who lived in Ireland at the time did not realise was that the potato crops would fail for the next four years and that the disaster would lead to the deaths and the emigration of millions of its peoples to strange, foreign and distant lands. The potato was the staple diet for the Irish people at the time and was the only food that was affordable for the masses. Certain grains such as oats and wheat were grown, but were exported by the government as were cattle and pork.
Great Famine , also called Irish Potato Famine, Great Irish Famine , or Famine of —49 , famine that occurred in Ireland in —49 when the potato crop failed in successive years., The worst year of the period was , known as "Black '47". The event is sometimes referred to as the Irish Potato Famine , mostly outside Ireland.
By John Dorney. See our other overviews here. The Great Famine was a disaster that hit Ireland between and about , causing the deaths of about 1 million people and the flight or emigration of up to 2. The short term cause of the Great Famine was the failure of the potato crop, especially in and , as a result of the attack of the fungus known as the potato blight. The potato was the staple food of the Irish rural poor in the mid nineteenth century and its failure left millions exposed to starvation and death from sickness and malnutrition. However, the crisis was greatly compounded by the social and political structure in Ireland in the s. They did however have to continue to pay rents either in cash or in kind, to landlords.
The infestation ruined up to one-half of the potato crop that year, and about three-quarters of the crop over the next seven years. Because the tenant farmers of Ireland—then ruled as a colony of Great Britain—relied heavily on the potato as a source of food, the infestation had a catastrophic impact on Ireland and its population. Before it ended in , the Potato Famine resulted in the death of roughly one million Irish from starvation and related causes, with at least another million forced to leave their homeland as refugees. With the ratification of the Acts of Union in , Ireland was effectively governed as a colony of Great Britain until its war of independence in the early 20th century. English and Anglo-Irish families owned most of the land, and most Irish Catholics were relegated to work as tenant farmers forced to pay rent to the landowners. When the crops began to fail in , as a result of P.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. A million people are said to have died of hunger in Ireland in the late s, on the doorstep of the world's richest nation. Ideology helped the ruling class avoid grappling with the problem of mass starvation. Jim Donnelly describes how. The Great Famine in Ireland began as a natural catastrophe of extraordinary magnitude, but its effects were severely worsened by the actions and inactions of the Whig government, headed by Lord John Russell in the crucial years from to